The castle is set on a landscaped axis, creating a great perspective stretching out toward the French gardens drawn by André Le Nôtre gardener of Versailles.
The gardens of Dampierre in their actual design are a call back of the composition of the 17th century. The symmetrical lawns in front of the castle adorn the main courtyard or “Cour d’Honneur”.
On the other side of the building, an impressive triple rotation staircase leads to the gardens.
THE LINES OF THE GARDEN
The drawing of this garden is attributed to André Le Nôtre and is structured around an axial perspective. The Grand Canal is aligned with the island. The park is composed of several lawns ending with a horseshoe shape grass amphitheater. This is where you can find several ornamental ponds.
Behind stretched the axis of the garden, with many alleyways leading through the groves.
A NEW PERSPECTIVE
In response to this new drawn perspective, Jules Hardouin Mansart built a new area across the road from the castle. There, he created a hemicycle on the hillside forming a footbath dug in a semi circle, bordered by a balustrade. Above, the hillside is cut in steps of lawn and belt of trees. On its top, the same axial perspective responds to the one designed in the park.
In the 19th century, the lines designed by Le Nôtre , which had gradually faded throughout the years where restored save for the ponds and fountains. The Duke of Luynes hired a landscape architect to create a transition between the gardens and the forest.
In the 20th century, a floral parc in the English style was created behind the Island Pavilion. A botanical collections of bulbs, rhododendrons and camellias was planted, producing a spectacular effect.