While a landscape perspective goes trhough-and-through the castle, the valley floor is filled with many flower-beds, legacies from French gardens drawn by André Le Nôtre (gardener of the king Louis XIV).
The gardens of Dampierre in their actual framework are the desired composition in the 17th century. The spatial organisation around the castle with its symmetrical front part form the Courtyard of Honour. On the other side, an impressive and triple rotation staircase opens to the centerline of the castle and leads to the gardens from the castle.
The curve of these gardens is atribuated to Andre Le Nôtre and is structured around an axial perspective. The grand canal is aligned with the great island. The park is made up of a glacis of lawn in amphitheatre in a horseshoe shape. There you’ll discover two long basins and a third one with a circular shape. On the top, there’s a branching junction from where goes the axial perspective facing the castle. Moreover, you’ll see many alleys in the park contituting rooms of greenery.
A NEW PERSPECTIVE
In relation to this new drawn perspective, Jules Hardouin Mansart built a new area for the facade (in the courtyard) up the road. If you cross the road, at the front gate, you’ll see the hemicycle on the hillside forming a footbath dug in a semi-circle, bordered by a balustrade. Above, the hillside is cut in steps of lawn and belt of trees. On its top, the same axial perspective responding to the one curved in the park.
In the 19th century, the curves drawn by Le Notre, gradually left behind during the reign of Louis XVI, are restored without replacing the missing basins and fountains. He had involved a landscape architect to redraw a part of the woods and the meadow for enabling a transition between Franch gardens and the woods.
In the 20th century a floral parc in the English style is created behind the pavilion of the island. A botanical collection made of bulbs, rhododendrons and camellias created spectacular effects on the river processed in meanders.